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Understanding the Difference between Argumentative Essays and Critical Appraisal.




Academic writing encompasses various forms of essays, each serving distinct purposes and requiring specific approaches. Two common types of academic writing are argumentative essays and critical appraisals. While they share some similarities, they differ significantly in their objectives, content, and methodologies. In this blog, we will explore the differences between argumentative essays and critical appraisals, helping students grasp their unique characteristics and requirements.

  1. Argumentative Essays:

Argumentative essays are a widely practiced form of academic writing that aims to persuade the reader to accept the writer's viewpoint on a particular topic or issue. The primary objective of an argumentative essay is to present a compelling argument backed by evidence and reasoning. Let's delve into the key characteristics of argumentative essays:

a. Thesis Statement: An argumentative essay begins with a clear and concise thesis statement that reflects the writer's stance on the topic. The thesis is the core of the essay, setting the tone for the entire piece.

b. Evidence and Support: To validate their argument, the writer presents substantial evidence and supporting details. This evidence can be derived from research, statistics, expert opinions, or credible sources.

c. Counterarguments: An effective argumentative essay addresses potential counterarguments and refutes them logically. By acknowledging opposing viewpoints, the writer strengthens their position and showcases a deeper understanding of the topic.

d. Persuasive Language: The language used in argumentative essays is persuasive and authoritative. Writers employ rhetorical devices and persuasive techniques to convince readers of the validity of their argument.

e. Logical Structure: Argumentative essays follow a logical structure with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Each paragraph focuses on a single point, and the essay builds a cohesive and coherent argument from start to finish.

  1. Critical Appraisal:

Critical appraisal, on the other hand, is a specialized form of academic writing typically found in the fields of healthcare, medicine, and research. The purpose of a critical appraisal is to evaluate and analyze the strengths and weaknesses of research articles, studies, or other academic works. Let's explore the distinguishing features of critical appraisals:

a. Objective Evaluation: Unlike argumentative essays, critical appraisals require objectivity. The writer impartially assesses the credibility, methodology, and results of the researched material without expressing personal opinions.

b. Research Analysis: Critical appraisals involve an in-depth examination of research studies or academic papers. The writer assesses the study's design, methodology, data collection, sample size, and potential biases.

c. Conclusions and Recommendations: After evaluating the research, critical appraisals typically conclude with a summary of the findings and any recommendations for future studies or improvements in methodology.

d. Structured Format: Critical appraisals often follow a structured format, depending on the guidelines or rubric provided. They may include sections such as introduction, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion.

e. Evidence-Based Approach: Critical appraisals focus on evidence-based practice, where conclusions are drawn based on the scientific validity and reliability of the research being evaluated.


In summary, while both argumentative essays and critical appraisals are forms of academic writing, they serve different purposes and require distinct approaches. Argumentative essays aim to persuade the reader to accept a particular viewpoint through compelling arguments and evidence. On the other hand, critical appraisals involve an objective evaluation of research works to determine their credibility and relevance. By understanding these differences, students can effectively tailor their writing style and meet the specific requirements of each type of academic assignment.


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